Without the vacuum cleaner can not do today - this purchase belongs to the category of priority. However, having come to the store, many are surprised to find that models with different specifications and a huge number of functions is available. In this article, we'll show you how to choose a vacuum cleaner, it is necessary for you, and what parameters it should be paid special attention.
- Select the type of cleaning is supported by a vacuum cleaner and dust collector is used
- The optimum suction power
- filter Efficiency
- Vacuum Control System
- suction pipe – what it should be
- Bits: how many and what
- The allowable noise level
- What else is worth considering when choosing a vacuum cleaner
- Choosing a vacuum cleaner design
- Video: How to choose a vacuum cleaner
Select the type of cleaning is supported by a vacuum cleaner and dust collector is used
First you need to decide what you need cleaning – traditional dry or wet when using the vacuum cleaner can be cleaned floor coverings. In the latter case, it is called «washing». Devices for dry cleaning, in turn, is also divided into several varieties.
For example, they may differ in the way the garbage collection - a bag, a special removable container, and some models are fitted with filters water (aquafiltering).
Vacuum cleaners, the cleaning method by dry
1.Models with dust bags. Such devices are found in the shop more often. they are not very expensive, but use them quite convenient.
Especially popular with consumers of disposable paper sacks, which can be removed and discarded together with debris, not breathing with dust. Raschel fabric can be used repeatedly, but this requires them to periodically shake.When buying a new vacuum cleaner, we usually get a complete tissue and several paper bags.
When the disposable paper products is over, there is a need to buy new – for the convenience to pay. This means that not only have to part with some amount (however small), but also sacrifice some free time to search the bags. And sometimes, going to the store for them, and you can not find the right size for sale.
However, it is possible to do from a fabric bag that will last years without requiring replacement. But breathe dust is very unpleasant when tapping out, and those who are prone to allergies, even harmful.
Vacuum cleaner with a dust bag driven by a motor, the fan trigger. Due to this the camera built into the housing, creates a thin atmosphere. Round enters the dust passing path from the brush through the vacuum cleaner hose and a suction pipe to the inlet chamber opening.
Once there, the air together with the waste are provided within the filter bag, after which the waste is deposited in a bag. The dirty air passes through the filter system, wherein gets rid of impurities. Through the discharge opening in the device flows the cleaned air space.1. An air inlet, here fed dirty air with dust and debris; 2. The bag holder; 3. The disposable or reusable bag, where is deposited the main part of the garbage; 4. Filter the engine, prevents the engine from the high levels of dust; 5. Engine; 6. The fine filter, such as HEPA.
2.Models that do not have bags. In such vacuum cleaners use cyclonic type system. For the first time developed a similar device British engineer Dzhon Dayson. The essence of its operation is as follows: the drawn air mixed with dust enters into a special tank conical shape. There, the air mass moving along a spiral path, walking path from the base of the cone to its apex. They rotate faster and faster, and the dust particles are drawn by the centrifugal force, are pressed against the vessel wall.
Stopping, they have no retained and fall down at the bottom of the container.1. The incoming air flow with dust; 2. Separation of large debris; 3. filtering fine dust particles; 4. Air filtration using HEPA filter.
Today's models of this type use the principle of «double cyclone», Who also invented the Dyson. Thus for larger particles of dust using an external cyclone where air flows in a spiral. Most of the debris remains on the separation plate, located on the way to the inner cyclone.
There removes smaller particles of dust. Through the transparent walls of the container can enjoy this process, watching vzmetayutsya dusty vortices.After working container is emptied by a simple shake out the debris. Periodically, it is recommended to wash the container.
Many, deciding how to choose a vacuum cleaner for home, stop at the cyclone models. After all, they at filling the dust bag suction power is not reduced. This distinguishes them from devices equipped with a dust bag.
When a bag is full, the vacuum thrust markedly diminished.
However, cyclone method is not without disadvantages. Thus, shaking the container, a person inevitably in contact with dust. Furthermore, exiting back to the purified air is filtered not ideal – delayed about 97 percent of dust.
However, modern HEPA filters that serve to further air purification, reduce to nothing the second disadvantage. Using such a vacuum cleaner can not prevent the destruction of the cyclone. It can be destroyed by decreasing airflow.
For example, this may occur at a time when the vacuum cleaner is stuck to the brush retractable carpet or any other object.
3.Models with aquafiltering. In these vacuum cleaners with dust fighting water, poured into a special filter. While cleaning the dirty air goes out there on the suction tube and hose. air supply pressure is high, and it is immediately mixed with water to form a mass of bubbles.
In this case, large dust particles sink quickly, and small «hide» in air bubbles. To delete them, use additional filters.1. Main filtration takes place in a water bath; 2. The intermediate filter - filters the fine dust particles that have escaped from the water; 3. Filter HEPA, trapping the smallest particles.
Such devices have the advantage that the suction force them constant. And devastate the dust container is easy enough – only need to remove the water filter and pour the contaminated liquid into the sewer. And models with aquafiltering help to create a comfortable environment.
After filtering, they give back clean, fresh and humidified air.But we must remember that the container of the vacuum cleaner requires not only shaking out, but regular (after each cleaning) washing. But sometimes it may not be the time or inclination.
Furthermore, for a device with aquafiltering need more space than a conventional vacuum cleaner, since its dimensions are more solid. So before you buy, you must first think about where the device will be stored. And buying a vacuum cleaner as a gift to an elderly person should inquire whether he needed it.
Perhaps Grandma prefer classical compact model with a bag that does not need to wash every time.
Despite all the technical development and improvement in the process of using a vacuum cleaner with a container or aquafiltering it may appear a number of deficiencies that may lead to the rejection of its use. Knowing this, clever manufacturers have models that can be used as a container or aquafiltering and dust bag.
Vacuum cleaner with a wet cleaning function
These devices can be clean and dry process, and «wet». In the latter case, water is sprayed on the floor, and then is sucked into the vacuum cleaner. This ability can help out when you need to quickly assemble the floor poured puddle. Very easy to clean like vacuuming carpets, tiles, masonry. A wearing special nozzle, it is possible to wash the light window glass.
If you select a household vacuum cleaner detergent type, then we get a higher quality of cleaning. It is sufficient to use once a week, achieving the same purity as in the «dry» vacuum cleaner every other day.
Further washing various surfaces, these devices are:
- to remove large debris (and even wet);
- moisturize, clean and aromatized air;
- clean the blockage in the bath or sink.
Now for the cons. The price of the model with the cleaning function in two or even three times higher than those that can only remove the dry method. In addition, not all furniture like wet cleaning.
Not tolerate such treatment and carpets with a natural bristle, and noble parquet. For fragile woman or child to clean vacuum cleaner so it will be difficult – it's big and heavy. And after every cleaning need to disassemble the unit, wash and dry. Electricity consumption has a big enough, as well as the amount of detergent.
By the way, when cleaning the carpet much of this money remains on it, leaving a vacuum cleaner ever.Each such device has two container – 1. The pure water of the detergent 2 and the dirty water.